The World Health Organization said on June 25 that monkeypox is still not a public health emergency of international concern. More than 4,500 cases have been reported worldwide, more than 300 in the United States, and public health officials are likely to be counting less because they are unable to follow all chains of infection. Everyone should be aware of its symptoms, how it spreads and the risk of it getting worse.

Q: Should I worry about monkeypox?

The American public is currently at lower risk for monkeypox. It is spreading among men who have sex with men, but it is only a matter of time before it spreads to others. As of June 27, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control reported 10 cases among women. Monkeypox is usually a mild disease but it can be serious or even fatal for people with severe skin diseases such as eczema, pregnant women, fetuses or newborns, breastfeeding women, young children.

But monkeypox could become endemic in the United States and around the world if it continues to spread without control.

Q: How do monkeypox spread?

Monkeypox is a viral infection, a close cousin of smallpox. However, it causes many mild diseases.

It is transmitted through close contact, including sex, kissing and massage, including any kind of contact with the penis, vagina, anus, mouth, throat or even the skin. In the current outbreak, monkeypox has been primarily sexually transmitted.

Condoms and dental dams will reduce but not prevent all infections as they only protect the skin and mucosal surfaces covered by those devices from infection. It is important to know that the virus can enter broken skin and mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose, mouth, genitals and anus. Scientists do not know whether monkeypox can be transmitted by semen or vaginal fluid.

Monkeypox can be transmitted by inhalation or “spray” within a few feet, but it is not considered a particularly effective method of infection. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.

It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.

Q: What are the common symptoms of monkeypox?

Symptoms of monkeypox may develop up to 21 days after exposure and may include fever and runny nose, swollen lymph nodes, rash, and headache.

It is not known whether monkeypox always shows any or all of these symptoms.

Experts now believe that monkeypox, like smallpox, will always cause at least some of these symptoms, but this belief is based on pre-1980 science, before there were more sophisticated diagnostic tests.

Q: What does a monkeypox rash look like?

Monkeypox rashes usually start with red spots and then turn into fluid-filled and then pus-filled bumps that may look like blisters or pimples. The bumps then open up and become scabs. People infected with monkeypox should be considered as contagious until the wound scab ends. Monkeypox wounds are painful. The rash was often seen on the palms of the hands and lower abdomen, but many people with this outbreak have experienced external and internal lesions of the face, genitals and anus. People may feel pain in the rectum or the need to defecate when their bowels are empty.

Q: How do I test for MonkeyPix?

If you have symptoms of monkeypox, including oral, genital, or rectal lesions, go to your nearest sexual health clinic for testing. A medical professional should clean any suspicious wound for examination. There is also growing evidence that throat swabs may be effective in screening monkeypox, but U.S. health officials are not yet recommending them.

Q: Is there a vaccine for monkeypox?

Yes. Two vaccines are effective against monkeypox: the Zenios vaccine and the ACAM2000 vaccine. The FDA has approved the Jynneos vaccine to prevent monkeypox and smallpox in people 18 years of age or older. ACAM2000 is FDA-approved for smallpox prevention. The United States is currently only using the Jynneos vaccine because it is safer and has fewer side effects.

The Jynneos vaccine is safe. It has been tested in thousands of people, including those with immunocompromised or skin conditions. The general side effects of the Jynneos vaccine are similar to those of other vaccines and include fever, fatigue, swollen glands and irritation at the injection site.

The Zenios vaccine is effective in preventing monkeypox disease four days after exposure and can reduce the severity of symptoms if given 14 days after exposure.

Q: Can I get vaccinated against monkeypox?

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention currently recommends vaccinating against monkeypox only for people at higher risk: those who have had close contact with someone infected with monkeypox; Men who have sex with and trans women who have recently had multiple sexual partners in an area where monkeys or monkeys are spreading; And some healthcare workers, laboratory workers, first responders and members of the military who may come in contact with victims.

The supply of Jynneos vaccine is currently limited. The Office of the Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office for Preparedness and Response will release 56,000 doses immediately from the Strategic National Reserve. An additional 240,000 doses will be made available next week, 750,000 doses later this summer, and 500,000 this fall, for a total of more than 1.5 million doses.

Q: What is another way to reduce the risk of monkeypox infection?

The best way is to educate yourself and your sexual partners about monkeypox. If you are worried that you may have monkeypox, check with a sexual health clinic. Many emergency rooms, emergency care centers and other healthcare facilities may not be up to date at MonkeyPix. The CDC link to find the nearest sexual health clinic is https://gettested.cdc.gov/.

If you or your partner has monkeypox, refrain from sex. And keep in mind that condoms and toothpaste can reduce but not eliminate the risk of infection. The CDC also warns of the risk of going to revs or other parties where lots of people wear shorts and stay at saunas and sex clubs. It includes other suggestions such as sex toys and bed washing.

Q: Is there a treatment for monkeypox?

There is no proven, safe treatment specifically for monkeypox. Most cases of monkeypox are mild and improve without treatment within a few weeks. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be used to reduce fever and muscle pain, and medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and opioids can be used for pain. In rare cases, some patients – such as immunocompromised individuals, pregnant women, fetuses or newborns, breastfeeding women, young children and people with severe dermatitis – may develop more serious illness and require more specific treatment. Doctors are trying experimental therapies such as pseudofovir, brinsidofovir, tecovirimet and vaccinia immune globulin. If administered early in the infection, Jynneos and ACAM2000 vaccines can also help reduce the severity of the disease.

Q: What misinformation is being spread about monkeypox?

Lots of conspiracy theories about monkeypox. Monkeypox is not a hoax. MonkeyPix is ​​real. The covid vaccine cannot give you monkeypox. MonkeyPix was not invented by Bill Gates or the pharmaceutical company. MonkeyPix did not come from labs in China or Ukraine. Immigrants crossing the U.S.-Mexico border did not bring MonkeyPix to the United States MonkeyPix is ​​not a conspiracy to allow post-in ballots during elections. The monkeypox vaccine does not require a mandate or lockdown because of monkeypox.

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