Contributed by – Anjali Sharma

Did you know that in the last week of September, over 400 dengue cases were reported, bringing Delhi’s total dengue cases to 937 in 2022?

dengue Fever can scare the life of anyone and India has become the main center of this dreaded disease. This viral disease is spread by mosquitoes and can sometimes be fatal. dengue Fever is characterized by high temperature, persistent fever and rash. As the severity of the infection varies, proper treatment is possible if detected in time. It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of dengue, seek medical advice and conduct proper investigations on time. Also, knowing the causes and ways to prevent dengue fever can help control the spread of this viral infection.

What causes dengue fever?

dengue fever An infection caused by the dengue virus, mosquitoes act as carriers of this deadly disease. Female mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus play an important role in dengue transmission. Fever or infection is spread through mosquito bites. Dengue virus, also known as DENV, belongs to the family Flaviviridae, Flavivirus.

Who is at risk of dengue fever?

Dengue fever can affect anyone, but few Immunity There is always a big risk. People traveling to tropical regions, where exposure to mosquito-borne infections and dengue virus is high, are also at increased risk. It is believed that those who have previously been infected with dengue may develop immunity to that particular subtype of the virus. However, recurrence may lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever.

What are the symptoms of dengue fever?

Dengue signs and symptoms can vary based on the severity of the infection. The incubation period (time between mosquito bite and onset of symptoms) is usually 5 to 8 days but may be longer in some cases. Common symptoms of mild dengue Infections often include:

  • Severe headache and pain behind the eyes
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • High fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rashes on the body

[Also read: Dengue complications and the importance of post-dengue precautions]

These symptoms of mild dengue usually last up to 7 days and mostly resolve on their own without complications. However, in cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) that are more severe, symptoms may worsen and internal bleeding may occur. Some of the symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever include:

  • Small red spots or petechiae on the skin
  • Bleeding from the gums or nose
  • Vomiting with blood
  • weak pulse
  • Very low blood pressure with the possibility of shock and sudden death if not treated in time

Blood tests are used to detect platelet count and are repeated throughout dengue treatment to assess progress.

How is dengue fever diagnosed?

Diagnosis of dengue begins primarily with symptoms and clinical examination. Dengue is confirmed using a blood test, NS1 antigen which detects the presence of dengue virus. However, if tested immediately after dengue infection or 9 to 10 days later, the result may not be positive.

Therefore, it is better to follow the doctor’s advice regarding the need and timing of the circulation Dengue antigen test. Ideally, this is done when the fever and other symptoms that raise a strong suspicion of dengue do not subside after 4 to 5 days.

[At the risk of viral fever? Get tested]

How is dengue fever treated?

treatment dengue Plenty of rest and a proper nutritious diet must be included. Adequate fluid intake or intravenous fluids, if necessary, can help prevent or manage dehydration. Some cases can be treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or antipyretic drugs. As the severity of dengue varies, so does the treatment and is best decided by the treating doctor. A timely diagnosis dengue Appropriate blood tests ensure proper treatment and good recovery. During dengue the number of lymphocytes and platelets decreases and a proper diet plays an important role in recovery:

  • Diet should be rich in protein like milk, eggs and dairy products
  • Fruits like kiwi, papaya, guava and citrus fruits help boost immunity and provide adequate nutrition.
  • Lemon juice and coconut water can replenish water and electrolyte loss due to fever
  • Papaya leaves, tulsi and fenugreek leaves are also used as home remedies to control dengue fever

Can dengue be prevented?

dengue Prevention is possible through effective use of vaccines but further research is still needed in this area. However, the best way to prevent dengue fever is to control mosquito breeding and avoid mosquito bites. People traveling to high-risk areas or tropical regions need to be more careful about protecting themselves from mosquito bites.

Here are some tips to prevent dengue:

  • Avoid prolonged standing water in pots, pans, water coolers, drains and animal feed. Cover them and clean them regularly to prevent mosquito breeding
  • Keep your surroundings clean and don’t forget to spray mosquito repellent regularly
  • Make sure the house is mosquito-free and use air-conditioning if possible
  • Wear long-sleeved clothes with protective clothing, shoes and socks
  • Make sure to use mosquito repellent
  • Use mosquito repellent at home

If not caught in time, dengue can become a serious infection. So, get a timely doctor’s opinion for a definite diagnosis and get tested for dengue as advised. Proper treatment can prevent complications, so watch out for dengue signs and symptoms.

At risk of dengue infection? Check now!

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