Chronic migraine causes and factors that can trigger it

Contributed by: Nancy Dixit


Migraines are the most common form of headache, but not all headaches are migraines. Fortunately, the symptoms of migraines and headaches are different.

If you can identify the symptoms associated with migraines and headaches, you can determine whether your headaches may be migraines.

In this article, we will explore the causes of migraines and the factors that can trigger these headaches.

What is migraine?

The term “migraine” refers to a headache that is usually (but not always) on one side of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.

Chronic migraine is defined as headaches occurring at least 15 days per month, for at least three months.

It begins as less frequent headache episodes that gradually increase to more frequent episodes.

Migraine index

  • The pain is moderate or severe and often severe.
  • The pain may be on one side or both sides of the head.
  • A headache causes a throbbing, pounding or throbbing sensation.
  • Pain worsens with physical activity or movement.
  • The patient must have nausea, vomiting, and/or headache with light and sound sensitivity.

For some people, a headache is preceded or accompanied by a warning symptom known as an aura.

An aura may include visual disturbances, such as flashes of light or blind spots, or other disturbances, such as tremors on one side of the face or in an arm or leg, and difficulty speaking.

Did you know that about 3 percent of people with episodic migraines turn into chronic migraines each year?

Causes of Migraines

The exact cause of migraines is unknown, but they are thought to be caused by abnormal brain activity that temporarily affects nerve signals, chemicals, and blood vessels in the brain.

Although it’s not clear what causes these changes in brain activity, it’s possible that your genes predispose you to experience migraines more often as a result of a certain trigger.

If you have a family history or a parent has migraines, you have a 50 to 75% chance of developing migraines.

To determine how vulnerable you may be Acquired hereditary migraine headaches, genetic testing Your best option.

Pain results from the interaction of signals between your brain, blood vessels and surrounding nerves. During a headache, certain nerves in the blood vessels are activated and send pain signals to the brain.

A migraine has its “pain center,” or generator, in the mid-brain area. A migraine starts when overactive nerve cells send impulses through your blood vessels.

It causes the release of prostaglandins, serotonin, and other substances that cause the blood vessels around the nerve endings to swell, causing pain.

Common chronic migraine triggers

A variety of lifestyle and environmental factors, known as “triggers,” can trigger a migraine episode.

These triggers can include hormonal, emotional, physical, dietary, environmental and medicinal factors.

Emotional triggers

Stress, anxiety, tension, shock, depression, tension etc. come under emotional triggers.

Stress is the biggest culprit; stress This is a trigger for about 70% of people with migraines.

According to research, 50 to 70% of people had a significant correlation between their daily stress level and their daily migraine activity.

Relaxation therapy, meditation, exercise and maintaining a regular sleep schedule can be extremely helpful in managing stress.

Hormonal changes

In women, hormonal headaches often occur during periods due to hormonal fluctuations.

Oral contraceptives, menopause or hormone-related headaches may occur pregnancy As a result of hormonal imbalance.

Even changes in estrogen levels can cause migraines around menstruation.

Menstrual headaches often occur 2 days before or 3 days after the period or during ovulation.

Many women find their migraines improve after menopause, although menopause can trigger migraines or make them worse for some women.

Altered or irregular sleep schedules

There is a close relationship between irregular sleep and migraines.

Sleep renews and repairs all parts of the body, including the brain. If you don’t get enough rest, or if you wake up often, you may have more headaches and they may get worse.

Caffeine and alcohol

Several lifestyle factors including Alcohol consumptionCoffee consumption, and smoking, have been identified as risk factors for migraines.

This is because caffeine constricts the blood vessels surrounding the brain, and when consumption is stopped, the blood vessels dilate.

It increases blood flow around the brain and puts pressure on the surrounding nerves. This can then trigger what is known as a caffeine withdrawal headache.

Did you know that in about one-third of people who have migraines, alcohol is also a trigger?


Dehydration or insufficient fluid intake can cause migraine headaches. Some people are more prone to dehydration-related headaches than others.

However, this can be avoided by making sure they drink enough fluids every day.

If you have migraines, drinking plenty of water is essential. Staying hydrated can help you prevent migraine attacks.

Note: Remember that a migraine attack or any other type of headache can be prolonged if you are not adequately hydrated.

Last thought

Migraine headaches are the worst but the only real way to get rid of the pain is to know what type of headache you’re dealing with.

Whether you deal with frequent or occasional migraines, it’s important to understand your personal migraine triggers and do your best to avoid them.

Advice: Avoid using unnecessary painkillers without consulting a general practitioner until the root cause of the headache is diagnosed.

Migraines tend to run in families, especially migraines. In fact, children whose parents have migraines are four times more likely to develop them as well.

As an add-on, make it a habit to take preventive health check-ups as they can help you gain complete insight into your health.

This will help you take measures to promote your overall well-being.

Book a full physical health exam today!

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