Common eye problems in babies, infants and premature babies


Did you know that one in ten children has an eye problem significant enough to affect their education?

Those of us with healthy vision are very casual about our vision, often without realizing that we are actually lucky. We depend so much on our eyes, and yet we rarely give them a second thought.

Many times, we take things like eyesight for granted because it is so natural. We wake up and we see, we wake up and we walk. It is very normal for us.

As a parent, you always want your child to be healthy so that they can grow and thrive. A strong vision helps your child throughout his life in many ways:

  • Focus on school work
  • Strong hand-eye coordination
  • Boosts your child’s confidence
  • Good driving skills
  • Improved athletic performance
  • Advanced reading comprehension
  • Better quality of life, and so on.

We all know that 80% of learning happens through perspective. Optometrists also recommend that children in kindergarten or preschool age have annual eye exams because strong vision is important for them at this age.

This is an important milestone development stage for babies, however, poor vision can be a hindrance. Furthermore, poor eyesight can cause frustration in the lives of children, parents or teachers.

This is why ophthalmologists recommend carefully screening your child’s eyes at multiple events to prevent vision problems or vision loss.

So below we have mentioned some common eye problems in children and how to prevent them.

Pink eye or conjunctivitis

A very common eye condition in which the whites of one or both eyes become red due to an eye infection, allergy, irritation, or a foreign object entering the eye.

Conjunctivitis is an infectious disease that causes the eyes to become irritated or itchy and discharge a sticky fluid.

Usually, it goes away using eye drops, medications and ointments or can be treated with lubricating eye drops.

Lazy eye or amblyopia

As the name lazy eye suggests, the eye behaves lazily. Amblyopia or lazy eye is a medical condition in which the brain fails to receive input signals from one eye and eventually begins to ignore the inputs.

This interruption in the visual development of the lazy eye results in long-term vision problems. Some common symptoms are squint, vertigo, poor depth perception and head tilt, to name a few.

This common eye condition can be treated using glasses, eye patches, and eye drops. If symptoms worsen, a pediatric ophthalmologist may also recommend surgery.


A slowly growing, inflammatory lump in the tear gland above or below the eyelid is caused by blockage or swelling of the oil gland.

In the initial stages, this eye problem is painless, however, if it becomes severe, the swelling may spread to the entire eyelid and it is painful. This lump or swelling can also cover the baby’s pupil which can further affect vision.

If Chalazions are small, they usually do not require any treatment and go away on their own but if these inflammatory lumps are large or infected, they need to be treated using warm compresses, eye drops and in some cases surgical drainage or removal. the lump

blurred vision


One of the most common causes of blurred vision is astigmatism caused by an imperfection in the curvature of the eye.

In this condition, vision at all distances becomes blurred.

It is a refractive error that prevents light from focusing properly on the retina and thus blurs vision.

This condition can be treated with timely diagnosis and prescribed glasses or lenses.

Farsightedness or hyperopia

Another cause of blurred vision is farsightedness where a child has poor vision. Hyperopia is a refractive problem of the eye that does not allow the retina to focus light perfectly and therefore blurs the vision.

This condition can be treated with timely diagnosis and prescribed glasses or lenses.

Nearsightedness or myopia

Myopia is a refractive eye condition that causes poor distance vision. Vision is affected because the shape of the eye does not allow it to focus properly on the retina and as a result, the vision becomes blurred.

This condition can be treated with timely diagnosis and prescribed glasses or lenses.

A condition called retinopathy that causes vision impairment can develop even in premature babies.

In addition to all these blurred vision problems, there are other eye diseases that can affect babies or children:

  • Congenital glaucoma
  • Children’s cataracts
  • Genetic eye diseases
  • Metabolic eye diseases, and so on.

Crossed eyes or strabismus

A medical condition in which the eyes do not align properly in one direction when looking at or focusing on an object. In other words, the eyes focus in different directions. This eye disease can be genetic or develop during childhood.

It is believed that if strabismus continues for a long time, it turns into amblyopia. So before it gets worse, visit an ophthalmologist who will suggest eye patches, glasses or some exercises to treat the condition in early stages.

Tears or epiphora

A very common eye condition that causes continuous excessive tearing due to obstruction of tear ducts, diseases of the ocular surface, foreign objects or injuries, infections and allergies.

If it is mild, it can be improved within a few months by cleaning the eye with mild water and using effective medications, drops or ointments.

In severe cases, epiphora can be treated with gentle massage, eye drops, or minor surgery.

Pediatric cataract or cloudy lens

Cataract is an eye disease in which the normal, clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy and thus causes blurred or poor vision.

Although cataracts are a common eye condition in adults, they can also affect children. In fact, some babies are born with it.

We can also say that it is one of the most serious causes of childhood blindness. That is why early diagnosis or treatment is necessary.

It is recommended to consult a pediatric ophthalmologist who will prescribe treatment depending on the stage and severity of the infection. However, most cases require surgery to treat cataracts.

last thought

A child does not know when or why his eyes are affected.

But you can watch out for symptoms as an adult and be vigilant about your children’s eye health. Because if the eye is not treated, it can lead to long-term vision problems or vision loss.

Above we have mentioned some common eye problems that you should keep in mind as your child grows up.

At any time, if you notice these symptoms, the first and surest step to take care of your child’s eye health is regular eye screening so that you can get a careful insight into your child’s eye problems at an early stage and take appropriate measures. Timely treatment.

Don’t wait to take your child to an eye specialist until you see your child squinting, rubbing their eyes frequently, or having trouble understanding or seeing the classroom board. Schedule regular eye exams to get prophylactic care as soon as possible to avoid major vision problems in the near future.

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