Difference between high blood pressure vs low blood pressure

Contributed by: Nancy Dixit


“High blood pressure (high blood pressure) & low blood pressure (Hypotension)”

People confuse high blood pressure and hypotension because they sound similar. But, hypotension is low blood pressure and hypertension is high blood pressure.

Did you know that hypertension is more common than hypotension?

Through this article, we bring you some unique insights into an overview of the differences between low and high blood pressure so that you can find a suitable treatment for yourself.

Let’s start with what is blood pressure?

When the heart pumps blood through your arteries to other parts of your body, it pushes against the walls of your arteries.

This pressure is called blood pressure.

It is measured using two numbers:

  • Systolic blood pressure (top number)-

It measures how much pressure the blood exerts on the walls of the arteries when your heart contracts, sending blood to the rest of the body.

  • Diastolic blood pressure (bottom number)-

It measures how much pressure your arteries have when your heart is at rest, filling with blood, between beats.

What is a healthy blood pressure reading?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), normal blood pressure levels for adults are low 120 systolic and 80 diastolicwhich will be written as 120/80 mm Hg (mmHG) or says 120 over 80.

What is high blood pressure?

According to health guidelines, the condition is called hypertension if blood pressure falls into one of the following categories:

Systolic: between 130-139 or diastolic: between 80-89

Systolic: 140 or more and Diastolic: 90 or more

In high blood pressure, it forces your heart to work harder to pump blood.

Did you know that high blood pressure increases your chances of developing chronic conditions like high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, etc.?

Causes of high blood pressure:

Even today, doctors cannot tell the exact cause of high blood pressure. However, there are some factors that can aggravate this condition such as:

  • obesity
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Increase salt intake
  • smoking
  • Not enough physical activity
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Genetics or family history
  • stress
  • old age

Note: Hypertension and hypotension run in families. Individuals whose parents have one of these conditions have a higher risk of developing the same condition, especially if both parents are affected.

To determine how vulnerable you may be to acquiring a hereditary blood pressure disorder, Genetic testing or DNA testing Your best option.

Genetic testing is a sophisticated predictive health tool that can confirm your predisposition to any type of treatment.

What is hypotension?

Hypotension is a condition in which the blood pressure value falls below the double value of 90 and 60 or below 90/60 mmHG.

Causes of hypotension:

Although low blood pressure is a normal condition and factors that can increase low blood pressure may include:

  • Diabetes
  • Blood stream infection
  • Thyroid
  • Blood volume decreases
  • Nutritional deficiency
  • Bleeding due to injury
  • Weakness due to dehydration
  • pregnancy
  • Alcohol or recreational drugs
  • extreme temperature
  • Age factor
  • Prescription drugs

Symptoms of hypertension and hypotension, at a glance:

high blood pressure Hypotension
severe headache fainting
Fatigue or confusion dizziness
vision problems Mild headache
chest pain blurred vision
Difficulty breathing Confusion
Irregular heartbeat Nausea or vomiting
blood in urine lack of attention
Throbbing in your chest, neck, or ears Weakness, fatigue

Note: High blood pressure does not cause symptoms in the early stages, but hypotension shows immediate symptoms.

Treatment of blood pressure:

Depending on the medical condition and the severity of the condition, the doctor may prescribe you the appropriate medication. But in addition to regular use of prescription drugs, you need to change your lifestyle and improve your diet.

For high blood pressure:

  • Lose extra pounds and watch your waistline
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat healthy food
  • Reduce salt (sodium) in your diet
  • Limit alcohol
  • Quit smoking
  • Get a good night’s sleep
  • To reduce stress
  • Monitor your blood pressure at home and have regular checkups

For low blood pressure:

  • Eat more salt
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages
  • Discuss medication with doctor (as low blood pressure can be a side effect of various medications)
  • Cross your legs while sitting
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat small meals frequently
  • Wear compression stockings
  • Avoid sudden position changes
  • Be aware of the symptoms

How to check your blood pressure?

You don’t always have to visit your doctor’s office to check your blood pressure; You can monitor your own blood pressure at home. This is especially important if your doctor advises you to monitor your blood pressure regularly.

You can keep a digital blood pressure machine at home which is easily available at any pharmacy.

Tips for accurate reading:

  • Do not eat or drink 30 minutes before your blood pressure is taken.
  • Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and caffeine at least 30 minutes before having your blood pressure checked.
  • Make sure your bladder is empty before reading.
  • Sit with your back supported, your feet flat on the floor and your legs open.
  • Rest your hands at chest height.
  • Place the inflatable cuff on bare skin (not over clothing) and make sure it is snug.
  • Don’t talk while checking your blood pressure.

In summary

Unlike high blood pressure, which is associated with many potential health problems, low blood pressure is often considered a marker of good health.

There is one truth- ‘Identify – Protect – Correct’

First of all you must be aware of the signs and symptoms associated with high and low blood pressure. Early detection and corrective measures can prevent blood pressure symptoms from worsening.

In this article, we have helped you understand the basic difference between high blood pressure and low blood pressure.

If you have high blood pressure, you may wonder if medication is needed to lower the number. But lifestyle plays an important role in treating high blood pressure. Controlling blood pressure with a healthy lifestyle can prevent, delay or reduce the need for medication.

If you experience any symptoms of blood pressure problems, you must immediately contact a doctor for treatment of blood pressure problems.

Book a full body wellness exam today!

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