Everything you need to know about migraines

Contributed by: Anjali Sharma


Migraine is a neurological disorder that can have more symptoms than just a “very bad headache.” Although severe headaches are a common symptom, other signs and symptoms may include:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • Having trouble speaking
  • Feeling numb or dizzy
  • Sensitivity to both sound and light

The illness can affect people of all ages and often runs in families. According to a survey, more than 213 million people in India have been discovered to be suffering from migraine.

During a migraine attack, the forehead area is often affected. It mainly affects one side of the head, although it can move or affect the other side.

A typical migraine attack lasts four hours. They can persist for up to a week if left untreated.

Migraine signs and symptoms

According to researchers, there is no specific cause of migraine.

However, they hold the view that illness results from “abnormal” brain activity that alters brain chemicals, blood vessels, and nerve communication.

Many other migraine signs and symptoms are also noted, including:

Depression and anxiety

Migraines can be brought on by panic attacks and anxious sensations.

For example, if anxiety prevents you from completing your daily tasks at work on time; This delay in career causes anxiety and gradually turns into severe depression.

According to research published by the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), about 11% of people with mental health problems experience migraine attacks. These include anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder and major depression.

According to the ADAA, up to 40% of migraine sufferers may have depression.

Intense heat and extreme weather

Gray skies, high humidity, rising temperatures and storms can make your headaches worse if you’re prone to them.

It is believed that changes in pressure caused by weather changes cause chemical and electrical changes in the brain. As a result, the nerves are stimulated and headaches occur.


A dehydrated person is more susceptible to heat exhaustion and other forms of heart disease.

A headache from a migraine can be triggered by dehydration. Drinking water is extremely important if you suffer from migraines.

You may be able to avoid migraine attacks by staying hydrated.

Variation in hormone levels

Because hormone levels fluctuate unevenly throughout perimenopause — the years before menopause — migraine frequency and severity increase for many women who experience hormone-related headaches.

Menstrual migraine usually starts two days before menstruation and lasts until the third day of menstruation.

High sound and light sensitivity

Many are sensitive to light and sound. A person usually seeks solace in a quiet, dark area when they are experiencing a migraine attack.

Loud noises and bright lights can trigger migraines or make them worse. The same can be said for certain smells. The prodrome period may be characterized by light sensitivity.

According to research, phonophobia (fear of sound) and photophobia (fear of light) are other names for light and sound sensitivity. They often go together with migraines that have no aura.

Strenuous exercise

Exercise, especially a strenuous, intensive exercise, can trigger migraine headaches in some people. The condition is called exercise-induced migraine.

According to one study, 38 percent of individuals reported migraines as a result of or related to exercise.

More than half of people give up their favorite sports or exercise to reduce or stop migraine headaches.

Frequent hard movements

Bending, rotating your body quickly, or moving your head suddenly are all actions that can trigger or exacerbate migraine symptoms.

Migraine attacks are more likely to occur after vigorous or demanding sports or activities, such as:

  • Lifting weights
  • ongoing
  • tennis
  • swimming
  • football

Skipping food

A food calorie is a unit of measurement of energy. Your body needs a regular supply of fuel in the form of food.

yours Blood sugar levels If you don’t eat for a while, you may fall. Your body then responds by releasing hormones that tell your brain that you’re hungry.

The same hormones that cause headaches can also increase yours blood pressure and constrict your blood vessels.

Nowadays people are following intermittent fasting which can also cause migraines.

Poor sleep routine

Migraine sufferers often experience sleep disturbances or morning fatigue. Getting a decent night’s sleep while having a migraine is challenging.

Many people who suffer from migraine suffer from sleep problems.

This lack of sleep can lead to a vicious cycle. Most common migraines also cause sleep problems.

last thought

It is important to consult your doctor if the headache interferes with your daily life and you are not sure if you have migraine symptoms.

Although migraines can feel disabling at times, there are various therapies available. Headaches can also be a sign of other problems.

As an add-on, make it a habit to take preventive health check-ups as they can help you gain complete insight into your health. This will help you take measures to promote your overall well-being.

Book a full physical health exam today!

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