Contributed by: Anjali Dhara
World Hepatitis Day is observed on 28th July every year in an effort to spread awareness about the prevention of viral hepatitis (a global infectious disease).
In 2016, at the World Health Assembly, most countries made a historic commitment to eliminate viral hepatitis by the end of 2030.
Since then, several countries have met the 2020 global target to reduce the number of viral hepatitis B cases, while some countries have failed to meet their targets.
However, the number of treatments available to people for hepatitis C has increased tenfold.
Around 354 million people worldwide are estimated to be living with viral hepatitis B and C (life-threatening infections), as stated by the World Health Organization (WHO).
This figure can give a clear idea of the significant global burden of viral hepatitis in terms of mortality.
Viral hepatitis B and C infections are similar to other global infectious diseases, such as HIV, malaria and tuberculosis.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can cause serious complications and proves to be fatal if not treated on time.
Liver is one of the most important organs that plays an essential role in the body.
While other organs in the human body perform a single or specialized function, the liver has more than 500 functions.
From detoxifying harmful substances and supplying blood to the brain, to fighting infection and storing nutrients, the liver is a significant part of the body that has a great ability to purify the blood.
The most interesting fact about the liver is that it is the only organ that can regenerate itself.
However, the regeneration process can only occur when the body has a portion of a healthy liver.
Viral hepatitis, a global public health challenge, has largely lagged behind government healthcare priorities worldwide.
However, with a quick awareness campaign about the dangers of hepatitis, it is hoped that this ignorance will be addressed and attention will be brought back to this deadly disease.
Now, the time has come to take drastic measures to combat the spread of viral hepatitis using the adaptation of the Viral Hepatitis Strategy Agenda 2030 to build a sustainable environment.
This strategy to eliminate viral hepatitis covers the first 6 years (2016 to 2021) of the Health Agenda Conference.
This comprehensive plan provides a framework for global action on the prevention and control of viral hepatitis infection and is based on two resolutions adopted by the World Health Council in 2010 and 2014 respectively.
Although the strategy covers five strains of viral hepatitis, hepatitis B and hepatitis C are the main focus of this agenda because these two types are life-threatening and can even lead to liver cirrhosis, liver damage and more serious effects. If the cancer is untreated and undiagnosed.
Outline of viral hepatitis-free strategy
The main outline of finishing viral hepatitis strategy is:
- It offers you a vision of a viral hepatitis-free world. People living with hepatitis infection can access safe and affordable diagnosis and treatment.
- One goal is to end the threat of viral hepatitis by 2030.
- Aim to reduce the incidence of viral hepatitis infection.
- Advances in medical technology, medicine, as well as ways to raise awareness.
Guidelines for viral hepatitis-free strategies
Viral hepatitis strategy actions are prioritized in five different areas, namely:
Strategy Guide 1
Information for focused action: build a robust strategic information system to understand the viral hepatitis epidemic and focus response.
Strategy Direction 2
Interventions for Impact: Represent essential and impactful medical interventions for sustaining viral hepatitis services, and must include a package of health benefits.
Strategy Direction 3
Delivering for Equity: Strengthening health and community systems to deliver high-quality medical services to achieve equitable coverage and maximum impact on the world.
Strategy Guide 4
Financing for sustainability: offering health strategies to reduce costs, increase efficiency, and reduce risk of financial disadvantage for people requiring medical interventions for hepatitis viral infection.
Strategy Direction 5
Innovations for Acceleration: Facilitating and adopting innovations to force rapid progress in reducing the incidence of viral hepatitis.
The complete viral hepatitis strategy covers all five strains of the hepatitis virus, namely hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. These hepatitis virus strains are different and, therefore, have different modes of transmission that affect different populations, resulting in different health outcomes.
An effective and efficient response to viral hepatitis requires a broad range of actions while at the same time providing tailored medical interventions for each of the hepatitis viruses.
Viral hepatitis infection has a significant impact on human lives, healthcare systems and communities worldwide.
Due to the increasing incidence of this particular viral infectious disease day by day, there is a dire need to implement all the guidelines and guidelines related to ending viral hepatitis.
Although only a few countries have drawn attention and taken up these opportunities, actions have been fragmented and insufficient.
With the strategic agenda in place, it is time to mobilize for a coherent and robust public health response that must prioritize effective and affordable medical interventions.
Furthermore, provision of high-quality health care services must be prioritized to ensure equity, promote health programs at the public level to achieve sustainable development, and establish stakeholder accountability as well as responsibility.
By following the above-mentioned viral hepatitis eradication policies or strategies optimally and timely, we can definitely overcome or eliminate viral hepatitis by the end of this decade.
Infections can be easily managed by early diagnosis and preventive measures when you experience symptoms.
Get tested for hepatitis today!
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