How do you grow passion flowers indoors?
There are more than 400 species of tropical passion flowers (Passiflora spp.) ranging in size from ½ inch to 6 inches across. They are found naturally from South America through Mexico. Early missionaries in the region used distinctively colored patterns of flower parts to teach about Christ’s passion; Hence the name.
The passion flower gets its name from the unique structure of its flowers and their symbolic importance. According to the original catalog of plants, each structure of the flower is religious in nature: the corolla reflects Christ’s crown of thorns, the five stamens represent the five wounds on his hands, feet, and side, and the three stigmata. Christ was used to nail the cross.
Whatever their religious significance, there’s no question that passion flowers are beautiful and whimsical, especially among the most commonly grown houseplants, p. Caerulea. But make no mistake: growing a successful passion flower is like catching a tiger’s tail. They are sturdy, sprawling vines in ideal conditions that may require frequent pruning to stay well behaved.
Tips for Passion Flower Care
Their vibrant colors and heady scents make flowering plants a welcome addition to any garden. Unfortunately, due to its origin, most species of passion flower plant cannot overwinter in many gardens in the United States, although there are some that will survive up to USDA plant hardiness zone 5.
Most varieties will grow in zones 7-10. Since they are vines, the best place for growing passion flowers is along a trellis or fence. The tops will die off in the winter, but if you mulch deeply, your passion flower plant will come back with new shoots in the spring. Since growing passion flowers can reach 20 feet in one season, this dieback will help keep vines under control. According to Deltona Arborists for Garden Care, tropical passion flowers need full sun and well-drained soil. Two applications of a balanced fertilizer per year, once in early spring and one in mid-summer is all the passion flower care you need.
- Light: Bright light, especially during the summer growing season. Full sun is preferred in summer, as much light as you can in winter.
- Water: Keep plants moist at all times during the growing season and you may need to water larger plants twice a day in the summer. In winter, reduce watering but don’t let it dry out.
- Temperature: Warm in the summer (household temperatures are fine) and cold in the winter months (up to 50˚F at night). They are usually hardy, and even if they die to the ground, they will likely recover the following spring.
- Soil: A rich, quick-draining mixture is ideal.
- Fertilizer: Fertilize adequately during the growing season with controlled-release fertilizers and liquid fertilizers.
Passionflower is easy to propagate by leaf tip cuttings. Take cuttings in spring. Strip off a few leaves to expose the nodes and bury the cuttings in moist seedling-starting soil.
Repot young plants into a larger pot each spring. Old plants can be stretched every few years between repotting. To control their size, it’s best to cut back your passionflower in the fall, leaving a few vines between 15″ and 20″ tall in the container. However, be aware that plants pruned this way still need to be repotted or at least refreshed.
How long does the flower of passion bloom?
It can easily grow 20 feet or more in a year. Prune vines in early spring to control growth, promote leaf shedding, and increase flower and fruit production. Flowering vines, which only bloom for one day, do not require deadheading.
There are several varieties of passion flower. In subtropical and tropical regions, they are used as butterflies and landscape plants, and collectors pride themselves on large collections. Indoors, however, the most commonly grown passion flowers by far are blue and purple Passiflora caerulea, which has a number of named hybrids. The P. avatar Also features blue flowers, with a more frilly look. Includes red passion flower P. manicata. In general, blue passionflowers are a little more well-behaved than red-flowered species, which can make for wildly aggressive growers.
Tips for Growers
Passion flower vines have deeply lobed leaves that hang from the flowers or peek out from the leaves.
Some species have edible fruit, which is a sweet and delicious tropical fruit. As vines, they can pose a challenge for indoor growers. Outdoors, passion flowers grow on walls, fences and trellises, where they are frequented by many types of butterflies. Indoors, however, their sprawling vines can be a nuisance. A particularly effective way to manage their growth is to train the vines around a wire support, such that a loop of wire forms a giant oval over the pot. As for pests, the biggest danger is usually mites or mealybugs. Both can be controlled with insecticidal soaps. Finally, passion flowers are prolific growers throughout the growing season and benefit from plenty of sun, water and fertilizer, as well as frequent pruning, which can stimulate even more blooms.
Easy steps on how to grow passionflowers indoors
Here are some easy steps on how to grow passion flower indoors. to read…
If you live in an area where winters are too harsh for tender passion flower care, don’t despair. Growing passion flowers indoors is as simple as finding a large pot and a window with bright light. Plant your vine in a rich commercial indoor potting soil and keep it evenly moist, not soggy. After all danger of frost has passed, take your tree outside and let your vine grow wild. Come fall, trim the growth back to a reasonable height and bring it back indoors. Knowing how to grow passion vines brings a little bit of the tropics to your patio or balcony.
What are the best passion flowers to grow indoors?
The following are the best passion flowers to consider growing indoors.
Ivory Passion Flower Clear Sky
Ivory Passion Flower Clear Sky