Contribution: Anjali Sharma

Introduction

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition where female hormone levels are severely affected.

PCOS causes more female hormones than women can produce. This hormonal imbalance makes women miss the menstrual cycle, making it difficult for them to conceive.

PCOS is characterized by hair growth on the face and body as well as baldness. It can also cause long-term health problems Diabetes And Heart disease.

Birth control pills and diabetes medications (which treat insulin resistance, a feature of PCOS) can help correct hormone imbalances and relieve symptoms.

The prevalence of PCOS in India varies from 3.7 to 22.5 percent, depending on the population searched and the diagnostic criteria used.

Symptoms of PCOS

During a woman’s first menstrual period, some people begin to experience symptoms. Others only have PCOS after gaining too much weight or struggling to conceive. Here are some common symptoms of PCOS:

  • Weight gain: About 80% of women with PCOS are obese or overweight.
  • Facial hair: Hair grows on the face and body of more than 70% of women affected by this disease including back, abdomen and chest. Hirsutism refers to excessive hair growth.
  • Heavy bleeding: As the lining of the uterus develops over a long period of time, your period may be heavier than normal.
  • Acne: Male hormones can make the skin more oily than normal, which can lead to acne on the face, chest and upper back.
  • Unbearable headache: In some women, hormonal changes can cause irritating headaches.
  • Abnormal periods: During PCOS, the uterine lining may not come out every month due to lack of ovulation, resulting in irregular menstruation. Some women who suffer from PCOS may experience less than eight periods in a calendar year, or in some cases, not at all.

PCOS and infertility

PCOS can increase your risk of miscarriage, especially if left untreated.

Because of the low levels of the hormone progesterone in women with PCOS, it is important to make sure that the endometrial lining is thick enough to allow fetal implantation and development.

Progesterone is also needed for fetal growth and development to continue after implantation until placenta progesterone production has begun within 10 to 12 weeks.

This means that low progesterone levels even before you become pregnant can increase your chances of miscarriage.

How does PCOS affect pregnancy and lead to complications?

PCOS can have a significant effect on pregnancy and cause complications such as:

  • Abortion
  • The child spends more time in the intensive care unit
  • Cesarean section (c-section)
  • Heavyweight kid
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Preeclampsia

Although PCOS is the most frequent cause of infertility in women, it is easily controllable. Instead of being discouraged, women with PCOS should seek treatment from a specialist.

PCOS diagnosis

In most cases, PCOS indicates the patient’s symptoms or complaints to the doctor.

So the doctor examines the patient’s medical history and performs a physical examination to find out the indicators of excessive hair growth, insulin resistance and acne.

Reproductive organs are analyzed and physically examined for any abnormalities, such as bulk, growth, and so on.

The following diagnostic tests may be recommended:

  • Ultrasound: A USG of the reproductive organs is performed to check the appearance of the ovaries and the thickness of the lining of the uterus. A transvaginal ultrasound is sometimes used to get a better picture of the organs.
  • Blood test: Hormone levels, glucose tolerance and fasting, and cholesterol and triglyceride levels are all assessed using blood tests.

Treatment of PCOS

There is currently no specific cure for PCOS. On the other hand, treatment can improve the chances of getting pregnant in people who want to have a family.

Individual symptoms are different, thus therapy is not always the same.

Here are some suggested treatment options depending on whether a person wants to get pregnant or not:

  • Hormonal imbalances can be corrected using birth control tablets
  • Insulin-sensitive drugs increase the body’s use of insulin and, consequently, testosterone synthesis.
  • Exercise and a healthy diet can help you feel better and lose weight
  • Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce insulin and testosterone levels, as well as relieve symptoms.
  • Medications to control blood sugar levels in case of diabetes

The latest thought

PCOS can disrupt a woman’s menstrual cycle, making it difficult to conceive.

High levels of testosterone are also the cause of unwanted symptoms such as hair growth on the face and body.

Weight loss can help with PCOS symptoms and increase your chances of getting pregnant. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness.

Physicians usually prescribe lifestyle changes as the primary therapy for PCOS and they often work.

And, above all, keep your health under control by choosing regular PCOS diagnostic check-ups to evaluate the effectiveness of management strategies.

Book PCOS test today!

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