Contributed by: Healthians Team
You’ve probably experienced sinusitis and nasal congestion, but have you ever wondered where your symptoms are actually coming from? It would be your sinuses, but do you know where your sinuses are?
This episode of FAQ Diary talks about sinusitis and its associated symptoms along with nasal congestion. The questions and answers below can help you identify sinusitis and treatment options that can help you better prevent it.
Frequently Asked Question #1: What is sinus?
The sinuses make up the upper part of your respiratory system. These are the air spaces located in the forehead, nose, behind the cheekbones and between the eyes. There are four pairs of sinuses that span across your face. The exact location of the sinuses is as follows:
- Under the surface of your cheek
- Behind your forehead and eyebrows
- On either side of your nose
- behind your nose
FAQ #2: What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis—commonly known as a sinus infection—is an inflammatory condition that causes the sinuses to become blocked and filled with fluid. The medical term for sinusitis is rhinosinusitis, (“rhino” meaning “nose”). Colds or allergies are the most common causes and blockages can lead to infections.
Frequently Asked Question #3: How do you get sinus blockage?
When mucus in your nasal passages doesn’t drain properly, it builds up and plugs your sinuses, creating sinus congestion.
Frequently Asked Question #4: Where do you experience congestion due to sinusitis?
Pressure and pain due to blockage in the sinus cavity can be felt in the form of “fullness” in various spots across your head and neck, forehead, eyes, cheeks or behind the jaw.
Frequently Asked Question #5: What does a sinus infection look like?
- Nasal passage swelling and redness
- Purulent discharge from nasal passages
- Tenderness in the area of the cheek or frontal sinuses
- Swelling of eyes and cheeks
Frequently Asked Question #6: What are the symptoms of a sinus infection?
The most common symptoms of a sinus infection, whether acute or chronic, include:
- running nose
- Nasal congestion
- Pain or pressure in the mouth
- Mucus is running down the throat
- sore throat
- Bad breath
Frequently Asked Question #7: Why does sinusitis occur?
Sinus blockage has many underlying causes—including environmental, physiological, and genetic factors. It can also be caused by allergies, nasal polyps and dental infections. However, the most frequent cause of nasal congestion is the common cold with inflammation or swelling.
Frequently Asked Question #8: Is sinusitis a viral or bacterial infection?
Sinusitis is caused by a virus. Sinus infections can also be caused by bacteria or, in rare cases, fungi.
FAQ #9: How long does sinusitis last?
Sinusitis may persist for weeks or months after other upper respiratory symptoms subside. Acute sinusitis lasts about a month. It is possible that your symptoms will go away on their own within 10 days, but it may take up to three or four weeks for symptoms to subside.
Frequently Asked Question #10: What is the fastest way to get rid of sinusitis?
- Flush out your sinuses
- Give yourself a sinus relief massage
- Use an over-the-counter nasal decongestant or spray
- Use a humidifier
- Use steam
- Drink lots of water
- Get plenty of rest
FAQ #11: What foods should you avoid if you have sinusitis?
If you have or have had a sinus infection, it is recommended to stay away from dairy products. Also, avoid processed sugar, which is pro-inflammatory and promotes mucus production. Foods that can cause congestion, such as tomatoes (which contain histamine), chocolate, dairy, gluten and fruits like bananas, should be avoided.
Frequently Asked Question #12: Is Steam Vaporizer Good for Sinus Infections?
For stuffy noses, a steam vaporizer alone can be therapeutic by inhaling anti-inflammatory vapors aimed at clearing the sinuses.
FAQ #13: What can I drink to clear my sinuses?
Staying hydrated and decongesting can be helped by drinking enough clear fluids. When a person has a sinus infection, plain water is a good choice for fluids, along with lemon, honey or ginger in hot water.
FAQ #14: Which fruits and vegetables are good for sinusitis?
There are several fruits and vegetables that prevent colds, allergies and sinus infections. These include:
- sweet potato
- Red and green chillies
Frequently Asked Question #15: Is sinusitis serious?
Even in its chronic form, sinusitis is rarely serious. However, in certain situations, it can indicate a dangerous underlying condition. If your sinus discomfort or pressure persists for more than a week or two, you should consult your doctor.
Frequently Asked Question #16: Is a sinus infection a contagious condition?
Sinusitis is not contagious and cannot be spread to others.
Frequently Asked Question #17: How can I treat my sinuses at home with Ayurveda?
Ayurveda offers several Indian home remedies for sinus infections, including effective herbal formulations made with oils, ghee, and herbs that have been shown to unclog the nasal passages. Herbs such as bayberry, sage, tulsi, calamus, and gotu kola, as well as other oils such as neem and eucalyptus oil, can help people clear sinuses and open the airways.
Frequently Asked Question #18: When is Sinus Surgery Necessary?
Although sinusitis is not a serious condition and resolves itself within a few weeks, however, there are certain factors that make sinus surgery necessary. These factors include structural problems, abnormal sinus growth, recurrent sinus infections, and thickened lining.
If you have recently been struggling with congested, uncomfortable sinuses, it is recommended to try the above home and Ayurvedic remedies before going to the doctor for medication. If you do not notice any improvement after a few days or if you develop a fever, you should see your doctor.
Sinusitis can adversely affect your overall health due to breathing problems. Hence, it is better to have regular health screenings to monitor your health and take preventive measures to stay ahead of illness.
Book a full physical health exam today!
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