Contribution: Anjali Sharma
World Thyroid Day is observed on May 25 every year to raise awareness about thyroid and related diseases. One out of every ten Indian adults suffers from thyroid disease, more than 42 million people in India suffer from various types of thyroid disease.
The thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, is one of the major endocrine glands in the body. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism and affect key physiological processes.
There are three primary thyroid diseases, namely:
- Hypothyroidism (abnormal decrease in thyroid activity)
- Hyperthyroidism (abnormal increase in thyroid activity)
- Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland)
- Thyroid cancer
World Thyroid Day Theme (WTD)
The Thyroid Federation International Theme has announced, “It’s not you. It’s your thyroid.” This year is World Thyroid Day. The theme focuses on making people aware of thyroid disease and understanding the common symptoms of thyroid. The theme aims to create more awareness among doctors about the effects of thyroid disease on their patients and the need to improve treatment.
Common symptoms of thyroid disease
Our energy levels and moods are regulated by the thyroid gland. It affects cell function and metabolism. Here are some common symptoms that a person with thyroid disease may experience:
- Mood swings
- Weight gain
- Dry skin
- LDL increased
- Pain in the joints
- Thin hair
- Muscle weakness
- Swollen face
What is hyperthyroidism?
When your thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, you have hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is caused by a number of diseases, the most common of which is Graves’ disease.
When your thyroid produces too much T3, T4, or both, its speed increases. Hyperthyroidism can be cured and the consequences can be avoided if diagnosed and treated early.
Causes of hyperthyroidism
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer can induce thyroid damage and hypothyroidism.
- Stomach acid deficiency: Low stomach acid affects digestion and therefore intestinal health.
- Lazy Lever: Thyroid hormone conversion from T4 to T3 is affected. More than 60% of these mutations occur in the liver. The most active type of thyroid hormone your body needs is T3.
- Dominance of estrogen: Stops the conversion from T4 to T3, resulting in lower T3 levels.
Foods should be avoided in hyperthyroidism
- Foods rich in iodine: Excessive iodine can make hyperthyroidism worse. This causes the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormones. One should avoid iodized salt, fish and shellfish, seaweed or kelp, dairy products, iodine supplements, red pigmented food products etc.
- Gluten: May be gluten Inflammation And intestinal dysbiosis if you have an autoimmune disease like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Gluten elimination can help with the symptoms, however, these problems are no more than just gluten.
- Caffeine: Caffeine can trigger thyroid hormones and make them worse. Symptoms of palpitations, tremors, anxiety and insomnia hyperthyroidism. Caffeinated foods such as regular coffee, black tea, chocolate, regular soda and energy drinks should be avoided.
Food should be eaten in hyperthyroidism
- Cruciferous vegetables: Cruciferous vegetables such as Brussels sprouts and cabbage, collard greens, mustard greens, turnips and spinach, kale and arugula and radishes and rutabagas can be included in your diet if you suffer from hyperthyroidism.
- Iron rich foods: Iron is a very important nutrient for maintaining a healthy human body. Iron helps red blood cells carry oxygen to other cells in the body. Iron-rich foods such as fortified cereals, raisins, oysters and fish, white beans, kidney beans, black beans, dark chocolate, beef, chicken, turkey and pork, lentils and spinach are some of the foods that should be added to your diet. Can
- Spices: Many studies have shown that spices play an important role in food. Some spices, including turmeric and green pepper, have a low frequency of thyroid disease, including hyperthyroidism.
- Foods rich in calcium and vitamin D.: Chronic hyperthyroidism has been linked to a decrease in bone mineral density, which can lead to osteoporosis. Both calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone health. Milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, canned salmon, sardines, broccoli, fortified orange juice and kale are some of the calcium rich foods that can be included in the diet. Some vitamin D-rich foods include salmon and tuna, milk and some preserved dairy products (check labels), fortified soy milk and fortified cereals.
A sample diet plan for those who have hyperthyroidism
In the morning
|Grass / Seaweed Powder / Spirulina + 5 Almonds + 2 Walnuts|
2 eggs + 2 bread slices / mug dal chela + green chutney + yogurt / besan oats chilla with 2 green chutneys + yogurt / stuffed cheese bread 2 + yogurt
Butter Milk + Any Seasonal Fruit
Salad (fried / fried) + 1 bowl of pulses / chicken / eggs + 2 chapatis / 1 chapatis + katori rice
Sattu Pan + Makhana Adda
Salad + 1 bowl of green vegetables + dahlia / oats / 2 chapatis
1 teaspoon flaxseed powder
The latest thought
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is overactive and produces unnecessary thyroid hormones. People should follow their treatment plan and any fancy recommendations from their doctor.
Changing the diet can reduce the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Some nutrients may support healthy thyroid function or reduce the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid disease can manifest itself in the form of mild anxiety, irritability and nervousness. The cause of these symptoms can be detected by a simple blood test.
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