Contributed by: Anjali Dhara
Did you know today we complete 35 years of protecting the ozone layer? You must be surprised and wondering if it has been so long since we protected our ozone layer; A molecule (powerful antioxidant) proven to be a safeguard for life on the planet.
16 September is celebrated as “World Ozone Day” every year. It is a global observation that spreads awareness to protect the Earth’s lower atmosphere among present and future generations.
Theme of World Ozone Day 2022:
September 16 marks the 35th anniversary of the Montreal Protocol. “Montreal [email protected]: Global Cooperation Saves Life on Earth”. This is the theme for 2022. This day tells people why it is important to preserve the ozone layer, as it protects mankind from harmful radiation emitted by the sun.
History of World Ozone Day
The Montreal Protocol Corporation was created in 1987 to reduce the concentration of ozone-depleting compounds in the atmosphere and stop their use, production and import in order to protect the Earth’s ozone layer. Then, in 1994, the United Nations General Assembly adopted September 16 as World Ozone Day.
You must have heard that the ozone layer is depleting day by day. There are many factors behind ozone layer depletion and ozone holes, including:
- Chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs
- natural gas
- Nitrogenous compounds
- Uncontrolled launch of rockets
Let’s take a pledge “World Ozone Day” To do our best to preserve the ozone layer for ourselves and our future generations.
When was World Ozone Day first celebrated?
World Ozone Day was first celebrated on September 16, 1994, when the United Nations General Assembly declared it an important global event. It was on this day in 1987 that the Montreal Protocol Corporation was launched.
Do you know how World Ozone Day is celebrated? People all over the world hold talks and seminars to spread awareness about the ozone layer so that people can get as much information as possible about the current situation and start taking necessary steps.
What is the ozone layer?
The ozone layer is the lowest part of the Earth’s stratosphere that contains a large proportion of ozone. Ozone is a powerful antioxidant made up of three molecules of oxygen and is often referred to as O3 (much more than oxygen).
Did you know that the ozone layer has the ability to absorb 97-99% of the harmful UV rays emitted by the Sun that can affect human life on Earth? Due to this fact, the ozone layer protects the earth from harmful ultraviolet rays.
If the ozone layer is depleted, the human population will develop many skin diseases as well as have a weakened immune system to fight infections.
Know how ozone is formed. Heat and sunlight cause chemical reactions between hydrocarbons such as nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds to form the ozone layer. These reactions can occur near the surface or high in the atmosphere.
What is ozone layer depletion?
Ozone layer depletion is the thinning of the ozone layer in the Earth’s upper atmosphere. This mainly occurs when chlorine and bromine in the atmosphere come in contact with ozone and destroy this powerful antioxidant (ozone molecule).
Did you know that one chlorine atom can destroy 100,000 ozone molecules? Yes, it happens, and they destroy more easily and quickly than they build.
What are the main concerns about ozone layer depletion?
Scientists have detected a hole in Antarctica’s ozone layer. This has consequently drawn their attention to numerous environmental problems and solutions. Chlorofluorocarbons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl bromide and hydrochlorofluorocarbons are the primary causes of the ozone hole.
Some well-known ozone-depleting substances and the sources from which they are emitted are:
Chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs
Chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, are the main concern for ozone layer depletion and ozone holes. Chlorofluorocarbons are chemicals emitted by solvents, air conditioners, spray aerosols, dry cleaning agents, and refrigerators, to name a few.
All these molecules release chlorine atoms and destroy ozone molecules.
Nitrogenous compounds NO2, NO and N2O are mainly responsible for the thinning of the ozone layer.
Uncontrolled rocket launch
According to research, the ozone layer is destroyed much faster by uncontrolled rocket launches than by CFCs. By 2050, the ozone layer could lose a significant amount of its thickness if it is not controlled.
It has been discovered that certain natural processes, such as solar flares and stratospheric winds, deplete the ozone layer. However, it contributes only 1 to 2% of ozone layer loss.
The ozone layer is also being destroyed due to volcanic eruptions.
What would happen if there was no ozone layer?
Depletion of the ozone layer has considerable adverse effects on the environment as well as on humans.
Effects on human health
As the ozone layer thins, humans will be directly exposed to the sun’s dangerous UV radiation. It can cause serious health problems in humans, including skin conditions, cancer, sunburns, cataracts, accelerated aging and weakened immune systems.
Effects on animals
Animals that are directly exposed to UV light develop skin and eye cancer.
Impact on the environment
Strong UV radiation can prevent plants from growing, blooming or photosynthesizing. Harmful effects of UV light must be tolerated by forests.
Effects on marine life
The effects of harmful UV light exposure on plankton are significant. They are higher in the aquatic food chain. Species that are part of the food chain are also affected by plankton destruction.
Possible Solutions to Ozone Layer Depletion
Governments of many countries have taken many programs to prevent the destruction of the ozone layer, which is a serious concern. To stop the destruction of the ozone layer, action must also be taken at the individual level.
Following are some ideas that can help stop this problem worldwide:
Do not use ozone-depleting substances (ODSs).
Reduce the use of ozone-depleting chemicals. For example, replace Halon-based fire extinguishers with alternatives, avoid using CFCs in refrigerators and air conditioners, etc.
Reduce your vehicle usage
Cars produce a lot of greenhouse gases, which contribute to ozone depletion and global warming. Therefore, it is better to limit the use of automobiles as much as possible.
Use green cleaning supplies
Most cleaning solutions contain chemicals that release chlorine and bromine into the air and affect the ozone layer. Natural alternatives should be used in their place to save the environment.
Use of nitrous oxide should be banned
The use of dangerous nitrous oxide, which is damaging the ozone layer, should be banned by the government. To reduce its use, the negative consequences of nitrous oxide and gas-emitting products should be made known to the public.
We have an earth and an ozone. We should “act as a hole to protect the hole”. Fear of its continued degradation has prompted mankind to advance efforts to protect our atmosphere and shield ourselves from the sun’s rays.
As Sadhak Rampal Ji said – “The world looks up to scientists. Why not pray to the Supreme God who created science”?
We should understand this and take as many steps as possible to protect natural beauty: Ozone; A molecule that protects us from many health and environmental consequences.
Since it can cause major health and skin problems, you can opt for genetic testing to find out about any tendencies or you can go for a full body health check to keep track of your health and
important elements of the body.
Book a full body wellness exam today!
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