The World Health Organization said on June 25 that monkeypox is still not a public health emergency of international concern. More than 4,500 cases have been reported worldwide and already more than 300 in the United States. Although it probably has less reporting because the contact was not traced.

Everyone should know about the symptoms, how it spreads and the risks.

Should I be worried about monkeypox?

Currently, Americans are less at risk of contracting monkeypox. It is spreading among men who have sex with men, but it is only a matter of time before it spreads to others. As of June 27, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control reported 10 cases among women.

It is usually a mild illness, but it can be serious or even fatal for people with immunosuppressed, pregnant women, fetuses or newborns, breastfeeding women, small children and people with skin problems such as eczema.

It can become localized in the United States and around the world, if it continues to spread without control.

How does it spread?

Monkeypox is a viral infection, a close cousin of smallpox. However, it causes many mild diseases.

It is spread through close contact including sex, kissing and massage, including any kind of contact with the penis, vagina, anus, mouth, throat or even the skin. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during this time.

Condoms and dental dams will reduce all infections, but not prevent them because they only protect against infections through the skin and mucous membranes covered by these devices. It is important to know that the virus can enter through an opening in the skin and enter the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, genitals and anus.

Scientists do not know whether monkeypox can spread through semen or vaginal fluid.

Monkeypox can be transmitted through respiratory droplets within a few feet, but this is not a particularly effective method of infection. Airborne infections, such as Covid-19, have not yet been documented.

It is not known if an infection can occur if a person has no symptoms.

What are the common symptoms?

Symptoms may develop up to 21 days after contact and may include fever and chills, swollen lymph nodes, rash, and headache.

It is not known whether he always shows any or all of these symptoms.

Experts now believe that monkeypox, like smallpox, will always cause at least some of these symptoms, but this belief is based on pre-1980 science, before more sophisticated diagnostic tests.

What does a monkeypox rash look like?

The rash usually starts with red spots. They then turn into fluid-filled bumps and then pus that looks like a blister or pimple. These bumps then break into wounds and scabs. People infected with monkeypox should be considered contagious until scabs appear and fall off.

This wound is painful. In the past, rashes were more common on the palms of the hands and on the soles of the feet, but many of these outbreaks have external and internal lesions on the face, genitals, and rectum.

There is also pain in the rectum or a feeling of need to defecate if your bowel is empty.

How to get tested?

If a person has symptoms of monkeypox, they should be examined at a sexual health clinic. A medical professional will need to take a sample from the suspected wound for analysis. There is also growing evidence that throat swabs can detect monkeypox, but health officials have not yet recommended them.

Is there a vaccine for monkeypox?

Yes. Two vaccines are effective against monkeypox: the Zenios vaccine and the ACAM2000 vaccine. The FDA has approved the Jynneos vaccine to prevent monkeypox and smallpox in people 18 years of age or older. ACAM2000 FDA approved for smallpox prevention. Currently, only the Jynneos vaccine is used in the country because it is safer and has fewer side effects.

The Jynneos vaccine is safe. It has been tested on thousands of people, including those with immunocompromised or skin conditions. The common side effects of Jynneos vaccine are similar to other vaccines: fever, fatigue, swollen glands and irritation at the injection site.

The Jynneos vaccine is effective in preventing monkeypox up to four days after exposure and can reduce the severity of symptoms if given up to 14 days after exposure.

Can I get vaccinated against monkeypox?

Currently, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends vaccinating against monkeypox only for people at high risk: those who have had close contact with someone infected; Men who have had sex and trans women who have recently had multiple sexual partners in places where the infection has spread; And some health workers, first responders and military personnel who may come in contact with the victims.

Currently, the supply of Jynneos vaccine is limited. The Department of Health and Human Services will immediately release 56,000 doses from the Strategic National Reserve. An additional 240,000 doses will be available next week, 750,000 by the end of the summer and 500,000 doses this fall. A total of 1.5 million doses.

What are the other ways to reduce the risk of monkeypox infection?

The best way is to get information. If the person is concerned, the CDC link is the best resource for finding a sexual health clinic: https://gettested.cdc.gov/. Many emergency rooms or emergency care centers and other healthcare facilities may not be up to date with the latest information from MonkeyPix.

You should abstain from sex if a partner is infected. The CDC also warns of the risk of going to revs or other parties or where people wear very little. And it provides other prevention tips, such as washing sheets or sex toys.

Is there a treatment for monkeypox?

There is no safe and proven treatment specifically for monkeypox. In most cases it is mild and gets better within a few weeks without treatment. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be used to reduce fever and muscle pain. In rare cases, some patients will have more serious disease and may require more specific treatment. Doctors are trying experimental therapies such as pseudofovir, brinsidofovir, tacovirimet and vaccinia immunoglobulin. If given early in the infection, Jynneos and ACAM2000 vaccines can also help reduce the severity of the disease.

What misinformation is being spread about monkeypox?

Lots of conspiracy theories. But this is not a hoax. It’s real. This infection was not invented by Bill Gates or the pharmaceutical company. The virus did not come from laboratories in China or Ukraine. Immigrants crossing the border into Mexico do not bring monkeypox to the United States. There is no vaccine order or established quarantine for monkeypox.

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