Winter is coming and so are winter illnesses

Contributed by: Anjali Sharma

Introduction

We can tell that winter is just around the corner because of the cool breeze and slight lull in the air. It’s that time of the year when people look forward to lots of food, celebrations and even holidays. We cannot ignore the fact that winter season also has an unpleasant side. Although we love to dress up for our winter, it’s hard to avoid illnesses and infections due to the unpleasant side of winter!

Sudden changes in temperature can cause health problems including arthritis, heart problems and more. Winter is the best time to watch out for respiratory infections and skin problems.

Colds, flu and other respiratory illnesses are more common during the winter months. As more people spend time indoors, due to the closed environment, infections can spread from person to person more quickly. Dry, cold air can also lower immunity.

Many questions may come to your mind. Do I have a cold or is it something more serious? Do I need antibiotics? What should I do to relieve my symptoms? So and so announced. Read on to learn about the most common winter ailments and tips to avoid them this winter.

Common winter ailments

common cold

A viral illness that affects the upper respiratory tract is the common cold. The most frequent cause is rhinovirus. Sneezing, a stuffy or runny nose, and an itchy, sore throat are early symptoms of the common cold. Because the common cold is so widespread, most people can recognize these early symptoms right away. Adults have an average of 2 to 3 colds per year.

Cold symptoms often last 7 to 10 days. On average, symptoms peak around day 5 and then gradually get better.

However, you may have another disease, and if your symptoms intensify after a week or don’t go away after about 10 days, it may be time to contact a doctor.

the flu

general Colds and flu At first it may seem identical. They both affect the respiratory system and can present with comparable symptoms. But these two conditions are brought about by different viruses.

Some of the symptoms of the flu and the common cold are similar. People who often encounter:

  • A runny or stuffy nose
  • body aches
  • tiredness

Generally speaking, flu symptoms are worse than cold symptoms.

Another obvious difference is the seriousness of the two. Rarely do colds cause further medical concerns or problems. However, the flu can cause:

  • ear infection
  • Sinusitis
  • Pneumonia

bronchitis

Children under two years of age and young children often suffer from bronchitis. RSV, also known as respiratory syncytial virus, causes bronchitis, a respiratory illness.

Inflammation of the airway passages in the lungs causing shortness of breath as they become obstructed is a common symptom. Bronchitis patients experience mild fever, nasal congestion, shortness of breath and cough.

Strep throat

Having a sore throat is incredibly annoying and uncomfortable. Strep throat is terrible!

A sore throat with fever due to infection is called strep throat. It often affects young people and is brought on by a bacterial infection. Symptoms of strep throat include discomfort and difficulty swallowing food or liquids, headache, enlarged lymph nodes, fever, etc.

Pneumonia

Another lung infection in winter is pneumonitis. A bacterial infection can be minor or serious in nature and if it is mild, it can usually be treated at home. However, hospitalization is also a possibility if it is severe.

Pneumonia is more likely to affect people with weakened immune systems or health conditions such as asthma, heart disease, or even cancer. Unfortunately, detecting this illness in its early stages can be challenging. However, it is advised to contact the doctor if the patient has persistent cold or high fever.

Winter skin disease

Winters also bring various skin problems like itching, eczema flare-ups, psoriasis flare-ups etc. Keeping skin hydrated is one of the most important aspects of skin care this season.

The most common skin conditions during winter include chapped lips, dry skin, flaky, itchy skin and UV damage. Many people don’t know that you still need to apply sunscreen before going outside.

Tips to avoid winter sickness

The cold winter conditions and shorter days can dampen your desire to exercise and maintain your physical fitness. A weakened immune system can result, increasing the likelihood of contracting illness.

Planning ahead and taking precautions is the best way to avoid them, as doing so is better than resorting to therapeutic methods. Here are some tips to keep you safe from cold-related illnesses.

For colds, flu and other illnesses:

  • Do not touch your face or eyes. You can easily spread cold and flu viruses through your mouth and eyes. Wash your hands before touching your face.
  • Go for a balanced diet. Eating well can help your immune system. Get the essential nutrients you need every day from fruits and vegetables to maintain a strong immune system.
  • Staying hydrated. Lots of fluids, mainly water, help you stay healthy by flushing toxins from your body. Remember that staying hydrated is just as important to your recovery as it is if you do get sick.

For skin diseases:

  • Stay hydrated from the inside out by eating healthy, drinking enough water and moisturizing your skin.
  • Use an exfoliator to remove dry skin from flaky skin and stay away from soaps with high PH levels.
  • Additionally, avoid rubbing yourself dry after bathing.
  • Use products containing vitamins A and E if you have chapped lips. For best results, wet your lips with cold water before applying lip balm.
  • Avoid hot baths or showers as this will cause dry patches on your skin, instead bathe in warm water.
  • Use a strong moisturizer and a natural cleanser for dry skin.

Last thought

We all love the winter season as it brings festive cheer and the comfort of cool breeze. But amidst the ongoing celebrations and changing seasons, we should never turn a blind eye to our health.

Here we have discussed common ailments that can occur during winter and tips you can keep in mind to overcome them.

Additionally, you should undergo preventive health checkups. These health tests give a complete report on your health, allowing you to take necessary precautions to improve your health and ward off many illnesses.

Book a full body wellness exam today!

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