World Cancer Awareness Day 2022: Cancer prevention tips

Introduction

World Cancer Awareness Day is observed on November 7 every year to raise awareness about early detection, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

The day was initially launched in September 2014 by the Union Ministry, Government of India in view of the increasing number of cancers in the country. It marks the birth anniversary of Nobel laureate Marie Curie and the development of radiotherapy as a cancer treatment.

With the launch of the National Cancer Control Program in 1975, India took an important step in the fight against this deadly disease. Mainly for the purpose of providing cancer treatment facilities to the general public. The program aims to emphasize early detection and prevention of cancer.

According to reports, every eight minutes a woman dies of cervical cancer in India. A total of 3,17,928 male and female deaths were recorded due to cancer linked to tobacco use. More than 25% of cancer deaths in men are caused by lung and oral cavity cancers, while 25% of cancer deaths in women are caused by breast and oral cavity cancers. You will be surprised to know that about 70% of the variables that cause cancer are avoidable and these include infections, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle and exposure to chemicals and atmospheric pollutants.

As Cancer Awareness Day is dedicated to wellness, the government encourages citizens to take advantage of free cancer screening at local clinics, hospitals and Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) facilities. With timely screening, malignancies can be found in their early stages and treated early for better survival rates. Additionally, various initiatives are organized on this day which highlight the importance of cancer prevention and early diagnosis.

Cancer risk can be reduced by making healthy choices, and implementing certain changes in your habits and lifestyle. Let’s know some effective tips to prevent cancer:

Effective tips to prevent cancer

Eat a healthy diet

Eating a balanced, healthy diet can greatly improve your health and well-being.

Some of the following diet-related recommendations may reduce the risk of cancer:

  • Have plenty of plant-based foods, such as whole grains and legumes, as well as colorful fruits and vegetables. Eat less high-calorie items in your diet, such as refined carbohydrates and animal-based fats.
  • Eat less processed meat. According to health experts, large portions of processed meat can greatly increase your chances of developing certain types of cancer.
  • If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. Chronic alcohol consumption increases your chances of developing breast, colon, lung, kidney, and liver cancer.
  • You can significantly reduce your chances of getting cancer by following a Mediterranean diet that consists of mostly plant-based foods, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and healthy fat sources.

Control your weight and maintain an active lifestyle

Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the most effective strategies for reducing the risk of breast, prostate, lung, colon, and kidney cancers. Being physically active is important because it can help with weight management and reduce the risk of breast and colon cancer.

Aim for 75 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week or at least 150 minutes of low-intensity exercise per week, which is ideal for a healthy body.

The general recommendation is to include 30 minutes or more of physical exercise in your daily routine.

get vaccinated

Studies have shown that a deadly disease like cancer can be responsible for many viral infections. There are vaccines that provide protection against some viral diseases; So it’s a good idea to ask your doctor about vaccinations against these infections:

Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B may increase the risk of developing liver cancer. Doctors advise certain high-risk people, including those who are sexually active, but not in a cohabiting relationship, those who have STIs, those who use IV drugs, those who have sex with men, and public safety or health care workers who may come into contact. To get, with infected blood or fluid Hepatitis B Vaccination
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): HPV is one of the most common STDs that can cause genital and cervical malignancy To prevent the possibility of developing cancer later in life, HPV vaccination is recommended for boys and girls ages 11 to 12.

Practice responsible sex

Use a condom or limit the number of sexual partners you have. The chance of getting an STD like HIV or HPV increases with the number of sexual partners a person has. Anus, liver, and Lung cancer All the more likely to occur in AIDS patients.

In addition, HPV can increase the risk of rectal, penile, throat, vulva, and vaginal cancer, but it is more often associated with cervical cancer.

Monitor your health regularly

Regular self-exams and cancer screenings for the cervix, breast, skin and colon can increase your chances of catching cancer at an early stage when treatment is most successful. For the most effective cancer prevention schedule for cancer screening, consult your healthcare professional.

Quit smoking

By quitting smoking, the chances of developing most smoking-related illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, and lung disease can be reduced. Quitting smoking can improve everyone’s health.

A person’s health will improve considerably if they quit smoking at an early age. Compared to those who continued to smoke, those who quit smoking had a 30% to 50% lower risk of lung cancer after 10 years, and a 50% lower risk of mouth or esophageal cancer within 5 years of stopping.

Last thought

Every year, millions of lives can be saved through resource-appropriate prevention, early diagnosis and treatment initiatives. Simple lifestyle changes can prevent more than 50% of malignancies in the world. One of the main obstacles to the early diagnosis of cancer is the rarity of its unpleasant symptoms, which appear at a later, more advanced stage.

In India, breast cancer is the most frequent type of cancer among women. Tobacco is one of the leading causes of cancer in India. The above mentioned tips can be the first step towards creating a cancer free world.

Also, frequent preventive health check-ups are recommended to monitor overall health.

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